Gums are basically a layer of soft tissue covering the alveolar bone of the upper and lower jaw of the mouth.

Gingival tissue is a transparent tissue, and its red color comes from the blood circulation in the area. The gums attach to both the alveolar bone and to the walls of the tooth through so-called gingival fibers. Gums are also part of the supporting tissue around the teeth.

Gingivitis is a redness, irritation or swelling of the gums that can occur due to several reasons, including lack of routinely cleaning the mouth and teeth using proper methods, not flossing, and not using mouthwash. It is sometimes associated with the use of some medicines, such as epilepsy drugs.

The symptoms of gingivitis may range from simple redness to severe pain that may extend to the teeth.

In cases of accumulation of bacteria in the mouth, if not treated properly, may result in loss of teeth, due to the damage to the layer that encapsulates the teeth, and the resulting inflammation may need surgery.

A healthy lifestyle and proper diet will play a major role in maintaining the health of the mouth, teeth and gums.

There are three types of foods that play a major role in strengthening the gums and enhancing their health:

  1. Sources of vitamin c
  2. Sources of zinc
  3. Antioxidants

The belief that scaling and cleaning teeth can cause corrosion to the layer of enamel is false, and it is very necessary from time to time. Appointments for a dental cleaning session for the removal of sediment and layer of lime accumulated on the teeth should be scheduled at most every 6 months.

If pockets are formed in the gums, it is necessary to clean these pockets completely (via a dentist), and the part adjacent to the pockets of the roots of the teeth (dredging) should be completely eliminated from the formed bacteria.

Recently, pocket surgery can be performed and sterilized by laser in the clinic.

Check with your doctor every 4-6 weeks to follow up on the condition and make sure that the healing occurs.

When the depth of the pocket is more than 4-5 mm and there is no response to the treatment with the continued erosion of the bone, the surgeon uses surgical intervention, which aims to detect the affected part of the gums and roots of the teeth to ensure the removal and cleaning of all calcareous deposits and contaminated tissues. . Drugs and antibiotics prescribed by the dentist should also be used to kill the bacteria causing the pockets.

In the event of significant bone damage, the missing part is restored and the teeth are re-strengthened in the jaw by using a special graft to stimulate growth of the bone and gingival tissue in a certain direction to restore its previous position.

Curettage and root planing cleans up under the gums. If you have periodontal disease, you need scraping to ensure the cleaning process goes deeper, around the roots of the teeth. This is known as smoothening of the root. Your dentist may give you a local anesthetic to make this process more comfortable. It is usually done manually and most cases just need two visits.